The helmet is a vital and mandatory safety element on the road and for children under 16 years of age in Spain, which will prevent a large number of head injuries among cyclists. Before buying a bicycle helmet it is important to analyze aspects such as size, materials, fastening and ventilation systems, weight and comfort, as well as the recommendations for use and maintenance of each manufacturer. Check that the helmet has the CE mark and is approved in accordance with the European standard EN1078.
The choice may be limited by the cycling modality we practice, there are helmets for MTB, BMX, road bike helmets or children's helmets among others, regardless of this, all helmets must be safe, light and ventilated. Here are some concepts about cycling helmets that may be useful for your safety.
How to choose your helmet size
The helmet should fit snugly on your head without constricting and the strap should be below the chin allowing neck movement, not loose or moving. The rider's forehead should always be practically covered. To buy your helmet in many cases it will be useful to measure your head using a tape measure and measure the part of the head where the circumference is greater (forehead area), for example a diameter between 50 and 55 approximately is usually size S or XS depending on the brand. We prefer helmets that fit with a rubber band that covers the circumference of the helmet and is adjusted with a rear thread, two cyclists can wear the same size helmet but no two heads are the same.
Ventilation and comfort
To achieve the best possible comfort it is important that the temperature of the head is ideal, to avoid overheating there are different ventilation systems, when choosing yours take into account factors such as your level of sweating, climate of the place or the time of use. Some helmets allow you to open and close the ventilation slots which favors its use in different times of the year, others may have two, three or more ventilation points, both on the sides and in the front or back, better ventilation does not have to be synonymous with more windows.
It is very important to keep your helmet in perfect condition, clean it regularly and store it in dry places without extreme temperatures. Regular cleaning of your helmet will not only extend its useful life (preventing fungus, moisture from sweating ...) but in this process we notice if there is any crack or blow that has determined its safety. The helmet should always be changed after a fall or blow, because even if it is not visible to the naked eye, its structure may have been damaged, compromising its safety. We always recommend following the maintenance and cleaning instructions of each manufacturer.